• Youth who are harassed based on actual or perceived sexual orientation and gender identity are also more likely to report weaker connections to schools, adults, and their community making them more susceptible to homelessness.
  • LGBTQ youth of color are bullied based on race, sexual orientation, gender identity, or all of the above at once.
  • LGBTQ youth of color report experiencing greater surveillance and policing, receiving harsher disciplinary practices and bias in application or policies, and being blamed for their own victimization.
  • Often times schools are the only public agency where students can find food, hygiene products and facilities, connections to health and mental health services, and access to education that can lead to future stability.
  • School changes make it more difficult for high school students to earn credits and stay on track for graduation.


Research shows that schools nationwide are hostile environments for LGBTQ and gender expansive students of color. According to one study, “1 in 5 LGBTQ students report being bullied due to race, ethnicity, or national origin.” [11]